Do you have all required managerial skills to manage your own company? What do you think about your management skills? Can you be a real manager with all the skills necessary for you and your company?
Business owners are entrepreneurs until they become managers. When they become managers, they will start to feel frustrated because then they will need to deal with a new type of problems, managerial problems.
Management is not a simple task. It needs knowledge and experience. Because of that, there is the existence of hierarchy, organizational structure, and possibilities for each organizational member with adequate knowledge, experience, and skills to move from the bottom to the middle and top level of the managerial pyramid.
I have already written about entrepreneurial skills, and you can read more in ten smart skills all entrepreneurs need now.
Here, I want to talk about the three primary managerial skills as well as their link to the hierarchical structure of the company.
What Are Managerial Skills?
Simply, managerial skills are the knowledge and ability of the individuals in a managerial position to fulfill some specific management activities or tasks. This knowledge and ability can be learned and practiced. However, they also can be acquired through practical implementation of required activities and tasks. Therefore, you can develop each skill through learning and practical experience as a manager.
There are many definitions of skills that talk about talent. Talent is something personal related to an individual and shows a natural gift from nature about something inside that talented person. All persons cannot be artists. Usually, artists are born with the gift of art, but despite their talent, they continue to develop their talent to improve their art skills.
When we talk about managerial skills, we talk about the skills of a manager to maintain high efficiency in the way how his or her employees complete their everyday working tasks. Because of that, managers will need skills that will help them to manage people and technology to ensure an effective and efficient realization of their working duties.
Three Types of Managerial Skills
Robert Katz identifies three types of skills that are essential for a successful management process:
- Technical skills,
- Conceptual skills and
- Human or interpersonal management skills.
Technical Skills as One Part of Management Skills
As the name of these skills tells us, they give the manager’s knowledge and ability to use different techniques to achieve what they want to achieve. Technical skills are not related only for machines, production tools or other equipment, but also they are skills that will be required to increase sales, design different types of products and services, market the products and services, etc.
For example, let’s take an individual who works in the sales department and has highly developed sales skills achieved through education and experience in his department or the same departments in different organizations. Because of these skills that he possesses, this person can be a perfect solution to become a sales manager. This is the best solution because he has excellent technical skills related to the sales department.
On the other hand, the person who becomes sales manager will start to build his next type of required skills. It is because if his task until now was only to work with the customers as a sales representative, now he will need to work with employees in the sales department in addition to the work with customers.
Technical skills are most important for first-level managers. Whet it comes to the top managers, these skills are not something with high significance level. As we go through a hierarchy from the bottom to higher levels, the technical skills lose their importance.
Conceptual skills present knowledge or ability of a manager for more abstract thinking. That means he can easily see the whole through analysis and diagnosis of different states. In such a way they can predict the future of the business or department as a whole.
Why managers need these skills?
As a first, a company includes more business elements or functions as selling, marketing, finance, production, etc. All these business elements have different goals even completely opposed goals. Think about marketing and production as a business function and their specific goals. You’ll see the essential difference. The conceptual skills will help managers to look outside their department’s goals. So, they will make decisions that will satisfy overall business goals.
Conceptual skills are vital for top managers, less critical for mid-level managers, and not required for first-level managers. As we go from the bottom of the managerial hierarchy to the top, the importance of these skills will rise.
Human or Interpersonal Managerial Skills
Human or interpersonal management skills present a manager’s knowledge and ability to work with people. One of the most critical management tasks is to work with people. Without people, there will not be a need for the existence of management and managers.
These skills will enable managers to become leaders and motivate employees for better accomplishments. Also, they will help them to make more effective use of human potential in the company. Simply, they are the essential skills for managers.
Interpersonal management skills are essential for all hierarchical levels in the company.
Are There More Management Skills
These are the three necessary skills required for successful management as a process. Some authors also mention other skills related to management skills. But, when I think about, they are simply part of these three types of primary skills.
Let’s take the example of controlling skills. The controlling can’t be a skill, but rather a process, or one of the managerial functions. Managers are controlling their employees through their interpersonal managerial skills that we already described. Other additional skills that I find in theory are decision-making skills. Again, decision making is a process and not the skill. When we have conceptual skills, we will make a better decision. Furthermore, when we have technical skills, we will make a better technical decision. I think that the primary skills all managers will need are skills explained as technical, conceptual, and interpersonal managerial skills.
In the end, I want to note something about managerial skills and business potential energy. Better management skills in your company will produce more considerable business potential energy. So, these three types of skills are in the category of business elements that can increase your business potential energy.
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More articles related to management:
If you want to read more articles about management, try the following titles:
- 8 Important Team Leader Skills
- 8 Ways to Motivate Your Employees Without Money
- How to Implement Organizational Changes in Your Business?
- 24 Time Management Tips
- Is Your Structure Up To Date?
- I am Manager, What’s Next?
- 11 Most Important Tasks for Managers
- The Level of Resistance to Change Versus Results from Change Process
- Resistance to Organizational Change
- Evolution of Organizational Changes