The U.S. has always been a pluralistic society, but only in the last 75 years has American society attempted to deal with diversity. Recently, we have come to accept the fluidity of gender roles and sexuality, as LGBTQ+ and gender issues have come to the forefront.
This acceptance involves the ongoing process of understanding different cultural norms among groups, whether based on race, ethnicity, culture, sexuality, or gender identification. Because occupational therapists often work with diverse populations, the American Occupational Therapy Association has identified core skill sets every occupational therapist should strive to master. Together, these basic skills make up the components of cultural sensitivity. They are:
- Cultural competence
- Cultural effectiveness
- Cultural humility
- Cultural proficiency
Let us look at these individually.Continue Reading